NCDHHS, Injury and Violence Prevention Branch
Injury and Violence Prevention plans, implements and evaluates prevention strategies that are built on surveillance data and incorporate proven prevention methods. Because many agencies and organizations are involved in injury prevention, Injury and Violence Prevention collaborates with others to enhance the effectiveness of all prevention activity. On this website you will find the RFA for the NC Rape Prevention and Education Program.
CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Sexual Violence Prevention Strategies as well as prevention programs.
Articles and Research
Applying the Principles of Prevention: What do Prevention Practitioners Need to Know About What Works
Nation et al. (2003) wrote this article for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Violence Prevention. It defines the 9 Principles of Effective Primary Prevention and provides information on how these principles should be applied within the field of practice.
A Systematic Review of Primary Prevention Strategies for Sexual Violence Perpetration
Degue et al. (2014) conducted a systematic review of 140 outcome evaluations of sexual violence primary prevention strategies in order to assess the quality and depth of evaluation of this field of practice and to provide a summary of the best available research evidence for the effectiveness of the primary prevention programs.
Systematic Qualitative Review of Risk and Protective Factors for Sexual Violence Perpetration
Tharp et al. (2013) conducted a systematic review of 191 empirical studies related to various risk and protective factors of sexual violence. Sixty-seven individual, relationship and society/community level factors were identified. Of these 67 factors, consistent significant support for their association with SV was found for 35, nonsignificant effects were found for 10, 7 factors had limited or sample-specific evidence that they were associated with SV but were in need of further study, and 15 demonstrated mixed results. The research for risk and protective factors has important implications regarding potential leverage points for prevention strategies.
National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey
This is the summary report of the 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey conducted by the CDC. This report details the prevalence and other statistics regarding intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and stalking on a national and state level. In addition, it provides information about the impact of intimate partner violence and other mental and physical health outcomes. Finally, the NISVS 2010 Summary Report provides implications for the prevention of intimate partner and sexual violence.
Sexual Violence Prevention: Beginning the Dialogue
This publication is an introduction to sexual violence prevention strategies that was created by the CDC. It explains the basics of the public health approach to prevention, the difference between primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention strategies, and how to integrate different prevention strategies into the ecological model.
Connecting the Dots: An Overview of the Links Among Multiple Forms of Violence
This publication, created by the CDC, looks at the connections and overlap of risk and protective factors between different forms of violence. These forms of violence include child maltreatment, teen dating violence, intimate partner violence, sexual violence, bullying, suicide, and elder maltreatment. By understanding the link between these forms of violence, prevention strategies can be employed to address multiple forms of violence at the same time.
Gay Straight Alliances as Sexual Violence Prevention Strategies
Preserving Survivor Choice: Forensic Compliance and LGBTQ Survivors of Sexual Violence
K-12 Title IX Resources for Community Partners
The Violence Against Women Prevention Partnership is a national project of the California Coalition Against Sexual Assault (CALCASA) to conduct web conferences, moderate a ListServ and lead on-line discussions to advance primary prevention of violence against women.
National Sexual Violence Resource Center
The National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC) is national information and resource hub that collects and disseminates a wide range of resources on sexual violence including statistics, research, position statements, statutes, training curricula, prevention initiatives and program information.The NSVRC has an active and diverse Advisory Council that assists and advises staff and ensures a broad national perspective. In addition to tracking resources developed throughout the country, the NSVRC publishes a newsletter, The Resource, issues press releases and talking points on current events and coordinates an annual national sexual assault awareness month (SAAM) campaign in April. Additionally, the NSVRC develops original resources to help bridge information gaps, such as conducting research and analysis of underserved populations.
A non-profit national center dedicated to improving community health and well-being by building momentum for effective primary prevention. Primary prevention means taking action to build resilience and to prevent problems before they occur. The Institute’s work is characterized by a strong commitment to community participation and promotion of equitable health outcomes among all social and economic groups. Since its founding in 1997, the organization has focused on injury and violence prevention, traffic safety, health disparities, nutrition and physical activity, and youth development.
State Level Projects
Prevent Violence NC is a cooperative effort by five statewide, agencies (NCCADV, NCCASA, NCDHHS Division of Public Health Chronic Disease and Injury Section, NCDHHS Division of Public Health Women’s and Children’s Health Section, and NCDPS Division of Adult Corrections and Juvenile Justice) to encourage coordinated violence prevention initiatives across North Carolina.This website features the latest research and resources to help build key community, family, and individual strengths to prevent violence and promote health. The focus of the efforts are on five types of violence including Child Maltreatment, Intimate Partner Violence, Sexual Violence, Suicide, and Youth Violence.
While the following prevention programs are considered evidence-based or evidence-informed, we strongly encourage you to contact Linda Chamic-Case, Prevention Education Program Manager, at firstname.lastname@example.org or (919) 871-1015 prior to selecting a prevention strategy to receive technical assistance that will help to ensure the highest level of effectiveness possible for your community.
Safe Dates is an evidence-based program designed to prevent the initiation of emotional, physical, and sexual abuse in adolescent dating relationships. It is intended for male and female 8th- and 9th-grade students. Safe Dates has five components: a ten-session course, a play script, a poster contest, parent materials, and a teacher training outline. Research found reductions in sexual dating violence perpetration and victimization that continued through a four-year follow-up period.
Shifting Boundaries is an evidence-based program designed for middle school students to reduce the incidence and prevalence of dating violence and sexual harassment among adolescents. The program has a classroom-based approach and a school-wide component. A study found that the classroom curriculum alone was not effective for reducing rates of sexual violence. The school-wide intervention, however, was effective when implemented alone or in combination with the classroom instruction, with results showing reductions in sexual harassment, peer sexual violence perpetration and victimization, and dating sexual violence victimization after six months
Coaching Boys Into Men is an evidence-informed dating violence prevention program that uses the relationships between high school athletes and their coaches to change social norms and behaviors. The program consists of a series of 11 brief coach-to-athlete trainings that illustrate ways to model respect and promote healthy relationships. The program instructs coaches on incorporating the themes of teamwork, integrity, fair play, and respect into their daily practice and other routines. At the one-year follow-up in a study, the program showed positive effects on dating violence perpetration (including physical and sexual violence), but effects on sexual violence were not assessed.
Bringing in the Bystander is an evidence-informed bystander education and training program designed for male and female college students. The program aims to engage participants as potential witnesses to violence, rather than as perpetrators or victims. Skills are provided to help when participants see behavior that puts others at risk. Research indicates that the program maintains a positive effect at 4.5 months following the intervention. More research is needed to understand the program’s effects on bystander behavior and sexual violence.