Prison Rape Elimination Act

Each of North Carolina’s rape crisis centers functions as a service hub for all of its community’s survivors. Rape crisis centers are increasing their awareness of expanding those services to reach their communities’ most vulnerable and marginalized members -- those who face physical, cultural, and societal barriers to accessing relevant, sensitized care. When working with incarcerated survivors, barriers may be physical, involving limited access to privacy, calls, letters, and visits. Other barriers may also include structural issues such as institutional hierarchy and bureaucracy or prison culture norms, or societal bias against people who have been incarcerated.

Survivors may have experience sexual abuse or assault prior to becoming incarcerated; in fact, much has been written about the “Trauma to Prison Pipeline,” and more research is coming out about the “Sexual Abuse to Prison Pipeline.” Survivors also might have experienced sexual violence, sometimes in addition to prior abuse or assault, while incarcerated. Sexual violence against incarcerated survivors might have been enacted by either other incarcerated individuals or by prison staff. Incarcerated survivors are especially vulnerable to harm given their restriction of movement and limited access to advocacy resources.

To help support our member agencies in their efforts to provide compassionate, trauma-informed, sensitized advocacy to incarcerated survivors, we have created this resource page to help get you started learning about PREA and how you can navigate its provisions in your services to incarcerated survivors. As you work through these documents, webinars, and trainings and begin to implement them into your community advocacy, feel free to reach out to NCCASA with questions or for additional support. In partnership, we can prevent sexual violence through our combined education and advocacy.

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¿Qué es la Defensa de Víctimas? Información para víctimas encarceladas del abuso sexual (Spanish Inmate Brochure)Many inmates are not aware that confidential victim services are available to them if they are victims of sexual abuse. This brochure has been created to explain the resources available for an incarcerated survivor, and what services an advocate can and cannot provide. Placing this brochure throughout your local correctional …, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
BLESS Supporting Survivor Reentrants Who Disclose Sexual Abuse, , , , , , , ,
Colorado Coalition Against Sexual Assault PREA ToolkitThis guide is designed to help community-based sexual assault advocates build collaborative working relationships with detention center, community corrections, and prison staff to provide best care practices for sexual assault prevention and response. For a victim / survivors who is incarcerated, access to a community-based sexual assault advocate can help …, , , , , , ,
Eliminating Bars as Barriers: A Tip Sheet for Delivering Confidential Victim Services to Confined Survivors of Sexual Assault, Domestic and Dating Violence, and StalkingSurvivors of sexual assault, dating and domestic violence, and stalking who are incarcerated or detained need access to confidential victim services as much as other survivors. Victim service providers who work with these confined survivors, however, may face significant challenges to providing confidential assistance. Here are some tips to help …, , , , , , , , , ,
Ending Silence: Demanding Safety from Sexual Abuse – I Reported (Comic Strip)I Reported is a graphic novel that depicts incidents of sexual abuse of a transgender female inmate reporting and subsequent recovery process. This story also includes an inappropriate cross gender strip search., , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Grounding In Humanity WebinarAn acknowledgement of the issues/concerns arising in a pandemic. These acknowledgements will be followed by an interactive discussion on social justice and its impact on the movement to end violence. This webinar is the first in the Unpacking PREA webinar series., , , ,
Hope Behind Bars: An Advocate’s Guide to Helping Survivors of Sexual Abuse in DetentionThis manual aims to help rape crisis advocates and other victim service providers to support survivors of sexual abuse in detention., , , , , , ,
Inmate Flyer, , , , ,
Maine Coalition Against Sexual Assault PREA and Incarceration Toolkit, , , , , ,
Mapping It Out: A Tool to Get Started on Providing Victim Services for Incarcerated Survivors, , , , ,
PREA Standards in Focus: 115.21 Evidence Protocol and Forensic Medical ExaminationsBy tailoring community best practices in sexual assault response to a correctional setting, this standard ensures that agencies are responding to sexual abuse of inmates in a coordinated, victim-centered manner that minimizes trauma for the victim and maximizes the potential for holding the responsible part accountable., , , , , , , , , , , ,
PREA Standards in Focus: 115.51 Inmate ReportingTo ensure that inmates and staff can report sexual abuse – regardless of who the perpetrator is and regardless of what other dangers they may face for doing so – by providing them with multiple avenues to report, including an avenue outside the facility, so that even if the abuser …, , , , , , , , , , ,
Proactive PREA : Understanding “Grooming”This session is from NCCASA’s 2021 NC Sexual Violence Primary Prevention Summit: “Pulling Back the Lens: Expanding Out Understanding of Violence Prevention.” Passion Star (they/them/theirs) is 37 years old and the current PREA coordinator for the Texas Association Against Sexual Assault (TAASA). Unfortunately for themself but fortunate for their life’s …, , , , ,
Returning Home Resource and Guide, , , , , , , , ,
Sample MOU Template for PrisonsThis template can be used as a starting tool to provide a guideline for how a MOU can be structured with your local prison., , , , , , , , , ,
Shedding Light on the System – A Corrections Primer for Victim AdvocatesThe PREA standards provide an unprecedented opportunity for advocacy programs to begin working with survivors in detention. This resource guide seeks to make it a little easier to do so. In this guide Just Detention International and the Resource Sharing Project provide a brief overview of who the victims and …, , , , , , , , , ,
Standard Response Letter for Rape Crisis CentersMany inmates will reach out to your rape crisis center through mail. This resource serves as a template for a first-time response to the inmate., , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Supporting Survivor Reentrants: Learning to Serve Those Returning HomeThis resource is for collaborators across North Carolina to support survivors of sexual violence who are reentering our communities. In it we lift up the work of the Orange County Local Reentry Council (OCLRC) and the Orange County Rape Crisis Center (OCRCC), share the tools we developed, and the lessons …, , , , , , , ,
Supporting Survivor Reentrants: Learning to Serve Those Returning HomeIn this two-hour workshop, Anti-Human Trafficking Specialist and Project Lead, Courtney Dunkerton, will facilitate a panel of the Project Team representing Orange County Rape Crisis Center, Orange County Local Reentry Council, and national partner, Just Detention International, in which they will share the resource, and discuss the challenges, successes, and …, , , , , , , , , ,
The North Carolina Approach – Creating and Navigating New Relationships to Better Serve Incarcerated Survivors of Sexual AssaultThis manual aims to assist rape crisis centers in aiding jail administrators and its employees to better serve victims of sexual assault in their local facilities. This manual should be used in conjunction with Implementing The Prison Rape Elimination Act: A Toolkit for Jails, a publication sponsored by the National …, , , , , , ,
The Very Basics about Sexual Abuse in DetentionThis tool, created by Just Detention International, offers a primer on the statistics and nature of sexual abuse in correctional facilities., , , , , , , , , , ,
Tips for Responding to Calls, Letters, and Emails from Incarcerated SurvivorsGenerally speaking, in providing services to incarcerated survivors you will follow the same basic principles as when you provide such services to survivors in the community. And yet, working with prisoners is sometimes challenging; men and women in detention lack privacy, have limited access to phones, and may seek help …, , , , , , , , , , ,
Unpacking PREA: PREA Reporting Options ExplainedThis webinar will provide a deep dive into the multiple reporting options that facilities must provide for reporting sexual harassment and sexual abuse. Presenters will explain the scope of PREA’s provisions on confidential support, outside reporting and third party reporting — including the victim advocate’s role in reporting., , , , ,
Unpacking PREA: Safety and Services for Incarcerated At-Risk Populations, Part IThis two-part webinar will present best practices for corrections officials and victim advocates in working with populations who are the most vulnerable to sexual abuse, including inmates who have mental illness or disabilities, those who have experienced prior sexual victimization, and LGBTI inmates. Presenters will discuss the heightened risk these …, , , , , , , ,
Unpacking PREA: Safety and Services for Incarcerated At-Risk Populations, Part II webinarThis two-part webinar will present best practices for corrections officials and victim advocates in working with populations who are the most vulnerable to sexual abuse, including inmates who have mental illness or disabilities, those who have experienced prior sexual victimization, and LGBTI inmates. Presenters will discuss the heightened risk these …, , , , , ,
Unpacking PREA: The MOU: Strengthening Victim Services PartnershipsTo close out this series, this webinar will discuss best practices for written agreements between victim advocates and corrections facilities. Using scenarios and examples from North Carolina correctional facilities, presenters will demonstrate how to work through common challenges that arise related to issues such as general protocols for the provision …, , , , , , ,
Unpacking PREA: The PREA Audit: The Roles of Corrections Agencies and AdvocatesThis webinar will explain what a PREA audit is and how corrections facilities can demonstrate meaningful compliance with the victim services standards. Presenters will also discuss the important role of advocates throughout the PREA audit., , , , , ,
Unpacking PREA: The Victim Services StandardAn overview of PREA’s victim services requirements. Presenters will share examples of successful partnerships at several North Carolina correctional facilities, demonstrating that putting the required victim services in place also contributes to a strong reporting culture and increased facility safety., , , , ,
Untangling the PREA Standards: Outside Reporting, Confidential Support, and Third-Party Reporting Fact SheetIn developing the PREA standards, the Department of Justice ensured that inmates/detainees/residents have multiple ways to report sexual abuse, and that they are able to access victim support services from outside agencies. The purpose of this fact sheet is to clarify the various external reporting methods that the standards require …, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
VALORUS PREA Online Learning ModulesThe modules are designed to provide advocates with training on how to support incarcerated survivors. These modules address U.S. detention, bias, and The Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). The modules will provide an overview of the PREA standards, how PREA applies to survivors and advocates, and how to work with …, , , , ,
What Happens Now? Advocating for Incarcerated Survivors When Your Carefully Negotiated MOU Goes Out the WindowThis resource looks at common problems experienced by rape crisis center advocates when providing services behind bars and some possible solutions to addressing these obstacles., , , , , , , , , ,
What is Victim Advocacy? Information for Incarcerated Victims of Sexual Abuse – Inmate BrochureMany inmates are not aware that confidential victim services are available to them if they are victims of sexual abuse. This brochure has been created to explain the resources available for an incarcerated survivor, and what services an advocate can and cannot provide. Placing this brochure throughout your local correctional …, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Wisconsin Adult PREA & Sexual Assault Response Team ProtocolThis resource from the Wisconsin Adult Sexual Assault Response Team Protocol by the Wisconsin Coalition Against Sexual Assault breaks down the responsibilities of various agencies represented on a SART in cases of inmate-on-inmate and staff-on-inmate sexual assault., , , , , , , ,

 

National Resources

Just Detention International

JDI Service Provider Resources

JDI-created Multimedia 

National PREA Resource Center

PRC Training and Technical Assistance

Resource Sharing Project

Victim Rights Law Center