Prison Rape Elimination Act

Each of North Carolina’s rape crisis centers functions as a service hub for all of its community’s survivors. Rape crisis centers are increasing their awareness of expanding those services to reach their communities’ most vulnerable and marginalized members -- those who face physical, cultural, and societal barriers to accessing relevant, sensitized care. When working with incarcerated survivors, barriers may be physical, involving limited access to privacy, calls, letters, and visits. Other barriers may also include structural issues such as institutional hierarchy and bureaucracy or prison culture norms, or societal bias against people who have been incarcerated.

Survivors may have experience sexual abuse or assault prior to becoming incarcerated; in fact, much has been written about the “Trauma to Prison Pipeline,” and more research is coming out about the “Sexual Abuse to Prison Pipeline.” Survivors also might have experienced sexual violence, sometimes in addition to prior abuse or assault, while incarcerated. Sexual violence against incarcerated survivors might have been enacted by either other incarcerated individuals or by prison staff. Incarcerated survivors are especially vulnerable to harm given their restriction of movement and limited access to advocacy resources.

To help support our member agencies in their efforts to provide compassionate, trauma-informed, sensitized advocacy to incarcerated survivors, we have created this resource page to help get you started learning about PREA and how you can navigate its provisions in your services to incarcerated survivors. As you work through these documents, webinars, and trainings and begin to implement them into your community advocacy, feel free to reach out to NCCASA with questions or for additional support. In partnership, we can prevent sexual violence through our combined education and advocacy.


Unpacking PREA: The North Carolina Approach to Victim Services Behind Bars Webinar Series


NCCASA Resources

PREA: The North Carolina Approach



NCCASA Sample Survivor Response Letter

NCCASA Inmate Flyer

NCCASA Inmate Brochure - Spanish

NCCASA Inmate Brochure - English


Other State Coalition Resources

Maine Coalition Against Sexual Assault PREA and Incarceration Toolkit

PREA & The SART Response from Wisconsin Coalition Against Sexual Assault

California Coalition Against Sexual Assault PREA Online Learning Modules

Colorado Coalition Against Sexual Assault PREA Toolkit

National Resources

Just Detention International

JDI Service Provider Resources

JDI-created Multimedia 

The Very Basics about Sexual Abuse in Detention

Tips for Responding to Calls, Letters, and Emails from Incarcerated Survivors

Untangling the PREA Standards

What Happens Now? Advocating for Incarcerated Survivors when your Carefully Negotiated MOU Goes Out the Window

National PREA Resource Center

PRC Training and Technical Assistance

Standards in Focus 115.21 Evidence Protocol and Forensic Medical Examinations

Standards in Focus 115.51 Inmate Reporting

Resource Sharing Project

RSP Mapping It Out: A Tool to Get Started on Providing Victim Services for Incarcerated Survivors

RSP Shedding Light on the System: A Corrections Primer for Victim Advocates

Victim Rights Law Center

VLRC Eliminating Bars as Barriers: A Tip Sheet for Delivering Confidential Victim Services to Confined Survivors of Sexual Assault, Domestic and Dating Violence, and Stalking


Other Resources

Ending Silence - Demanding Safety From Sexual Abuse: I Reported